IIT Kharagpur researchers reveal that the pattern of monsoon and daily extreme rainfall is changing in India with more extremes expected over southern India and Himalayan foothills and further continued southward shift over South Asia. The study which was conducted by Dr. Rajib Maity, Associate Professor, Dept. of Civil Engineering and his research scholar Mayank Suman, has been published in Scientific Reports journal by Nature publishing group. The researchers pointed at the intensification of large-scale circulation phenomena over the tropical Indian Ocean (known as Indian Ocean Dipole) which could be leading to the contrasting trends across large regions in India. The convergence analysis along with the moisture flux show a change in the direction of the South-West Monsoon winds blowing towards the east over the Indian Ocean. This directional change will intensify the already observed precipitation contrast in future between South and North India, and cause more extreme precipitation events in countries like Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, etc.